The Monument to the Conquerors of Space looks like a rocket going up, leaving behind a beautiful gentle trail, sparkling with titanium plates, like mirrors. The monument looks especially impressive during sunset or sunrise, when the red sun is reflected in the plates. The obelisk is 107 meters high and weighs 250 tons.
This Monument to the Conquerors of Space tells the story of astronautics step by step.
Pedestrian Alley of Cosmonauts starts from Mira Avenue. There is a Globe of the Earth with quotes by K.E. Tsiolkovsky and the Globe of the Universe with constellations. Monument designed by sculptor A.P. Faidysh-Krandievsky and architects M.O. Barshch and A.N. Kolchin was installed in 1964. The project was selected from 350 options.
The stylobate is surrounded by high reliefs of Soviet scientists, engineers and workers who participated in the history of space exploration. The texts of TASS messages about the most important stages in the exploration of the Universe are also reproduced here. And inside the pedestal-stylobate is located the Memorial Museum of Cosmonautics.
In 1967, the memorial Alley of Cosmonauts appeared. In 2008, a monument to the Conquerors of Space surrounded the square with the planets of the solar system. The authors also depicted Pluto there, although on August 24, 2006, the International Astronomical Union reclassified it as a dwarf planet of the Kuiper belt. Perhaps the authors depicted the solar system on the square as it “looked” during the flight of Yuri Gagarin.
Over the past few years, the Memorial Alley has been replenished with monuments to academician Keldysh, the creator of rocket engines Glushko, designer Chelomey. And in 2016, on Cosmonautics Day, busts of cosmonauts Alexander Alexandrov, Valentin Lebedev, Svetlana Savitskaya and Vladimir Solovyov were unveiled here. Two architects worked on the project V.V. Perfiliev and A.K. Tikhonov and 4 sculptors A.V. Balashov, A.S. Zabaluev, E.I. Kazanskaya and I.N. Novikov.