War heroes

Monument to Richard Sorge

Monument to Richard Sorge in Vladivostok
Monument to Richard Sorge in Vladivostok

A monument to the legendary racer Richard Sorge was unveiled

The monument to the famous scout Richard Sorge was erected in Vladivostok on November 7, 2019. The solemn event began at 12.00 in the park on the 100th anniversary of Vladivostok avenue in the area of ​​house number 53. According to military veterans, Richard Sorge was twice in our city – in 1926 and 1935, and it was here that his encrypted messages came from Tokyo. DV-ROSS correspondent from the place of the meeting.

On this windy, cold day, the leaders of Vladivostok, war and labor veterans of the Pervorechensky district and the city, students of school No. 38, young soldiers, and the public of the city gathered at a solemn meeting on the occasion of the opening of the monument to Richard Sorge. Military marches were played by the Russian Guard Orchestra. It was solemn, everyone was in high spirits, as they managed to break through the bureaucratic obstacles a very important matter.

The meeting was attended by: the head of the city Oleg Gumenyuk, the chairman of the city Duma Andrey Brik, the deputy of the Legislative Assembly of the Primorsky Territory Alexander Shcherbakov, the participant of the Great Patriotic War Grigory Vakulishin and others.

Richard Sorge is a legendary Soviet intelligence officer who worked in Japan.

It was he who transmitted the most important information to Moscow, besieged by the German – fascist hordes, that Japan in 1941 did not plan to attack the Soviet Union. This allowed the Soviet command to transfer 24 personnel divisions, perfectly trained and trained, from the Far East to Moscow. Here already this powerful group launched an offensive and threw the Nazi troops back from the walls of Moscow by 250 – 300 kilometers. The capital was saved by divisions from the East of the country.

Coded messages from agent Ramsay (Richard Sorge) went through Vladivostok. Part of his group worked here.

The most important encryption that Japan’s attack on the USSR in 1941 would not take place was received by the radio operator V.A. Shestakov. At that moment he was at a radio station in the Patroclus Bay area. The strategically important encryption was immediately transmitted to the Center.

Monument to Richard Sorge in Vladivostok
Monument to Richard Sorge in Vladivostok

Spy victories

One of Sorge’s biggest “espionage” victories was establishing the exact date of the Nazi attack on the USSR and determining the exact number of German divisions ready to attack the western borders of the Soviet Union.

In early October 1941, Richard Sorge sent another important report to Moscow: “Military operations between Japan and the United States should begin by the end of the year.” The scout reported that the imperial army was concentrating huge forces in the Pacific Ocean, and was also preparing a large-scale attack on the American base at Pearl Harbor.

Sorge also prepared for Moscow one more encryption program: “Our mission in Japan has been completed. The war between Japan and the USSR was avoided. Bring us back to Moscow or send us to Germany. ”

Unfortunately, it was not possible to send a message to Sorge. A familiar cabaret artist, who combined dancing with activities in Japanese counterintelligence, turned over the Soviet agent to the authorities.

Exposure and verdict

Richard Sorge and his assistants were arrested on October 18, 1941. The exposure of the enemy spy was regarded by the Japanese as a huge success. For the operation, 32 secret police officers received the highest orders at once!

The death sentence was carried out 75 years ago – November 7, 1944. Sorge was hanged in Tokyo’s Sugamo prison, after which his body was buried in a prison mass grave. Now the ashes of the legendary scout rests in the Tama cemetery in the Tokyo suburb of Fuchu.

For many years in the Soviet Union they knew nothing about the feat of “Ramsay”, but in 1961 Yves Champy shot in France the film “Who are you, Doctor Sorge?” and Khrushchev accidentally saw the film. The secretary general was surprised: “What kind of Sorge? I don’t know such a Soviet intelligence officer! ”And ordered to make inquiries. The truth was established after Khrushchev’s resignation. Sorge was posthumously awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and streets, schools and ships were named after him.

The sculptor Ilya Leontyevich Topchy created the monument to Richard Sorge free of charge.