Monuments reveal

Story behind monument

Empire style sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky

'Piety and Justice' sculptural group on the buildings of the Senate and the Synod - Senate Square, St. Petersburg, Russia. Work by sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky (co-authors Stepan Pimenov, Nikolai Tokarev and Pavel Sokolov)

‘Piety and Justice’ sculptural group on the buildings of the Senate and the Synod – Senate Square, St. Petersburg, Russia. Work by sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky (1779 – July 16, 1846). Co-authors Stepan Pimenov, Nikolai Tokarev and Pavel Sokolov

Empire style sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky

Some of the most spectacular buildings of the architect Carlo Rossi are the buildings of the Senate and the Synod. The ensemble consists of two buildings connected by a majestic arch decorated with the picturesque sculptural group “Piety and Justice”. In fact, it symbolizes the unity of the church and the state, giving the buildings even more splendor and elegance. Vasily Demut Malinovsky, in co-authorship with Stepan Pimenov, Nikolai Tokarev and Pavel Sokolov, created monuments reminding unfaithful about the punishing sword of justice.
Works by Russian sculptor of the Empire style Vasily Ivanovich Demuth-Malinovsky (1779 – July 16, 1846) decorate St. Petersburg buildings and squares. In particular, the Kazan Cathedral, the arch of the General Staff, the Mikhailovsky Palace, the Mining Institute, the Narva Triumphal Gates, and the building of the Imperial Public Library. Besides, his works include the marble bust of Emperor Alexander I, preserved in National Library and the monument to Vladimir the Great in Kiev.

One of the smallest Sphinxes of St. Petersburg

One of the smallest Sphinxes of St. Petersburg. Work by sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky (1779 – July 16, 1846)

The smallest Sphinx of St. Petersburg appeared in 1832, and it lives at the intersection of Nevsky Prospekt and Sadovaya Street, on the main building of the Russian National Library. Sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky placed it on the helmet of the goddess Minerva, crowning the attic of the main facade of the building. It is very difficult to see from the ground, but it, like the “elders”, can fulfill any secret desire.

Among the masters of the Russian monumental sculpture of the first half of the XIX century, Vasily Ivanovich Demut-Malinovsky occupies one of the most significant places. His works were consonant with the heroic era of the Patriotic War of 1812, close to the thoughts and feelings of the people. Born in 1779 in St. Petersburg, in the family of a wood carver, the boy first got acquainted with art at home, watching the work of his father. Noteworthy, in 1785, a six-year-old child, began studying at the art school of the Academy of Arts.

The first success was in 1799. Thus, for the bas-relief “Angel takes the apostle Peter out of the dungeon” Demut-Malinovsky received a gold medal of the second degree. Then followed the First Gold Medal (1800) for the bas-reliefs executed together with other artists to the monument of Peter I of Rastrelli’s work. The same year he graduated from the Academy of Arts. Two years later, at the competition, his project of a gravestone to the sculptor M. I. Kozlovsky was recognized as the best. The musicality of lines, the classical rigor of silhouette, rhythmic expressiveness distinguish this bas-relief allegorical composition, full of true grace and subtle lyricism. Demut-Malinovsky managed to find expressive artistic means in order to convey strong human feelings, deep sorrow for the deceased teacher.

In 1803 Demut-Malinovsky, along with other pupils of the Academy of Arts, went to a foreign business trip to Italy. There he studied the monuments of Western European art and the architecture of ancient Rome. In his albums appeared a lot of drawings from nature and “antiques”, and there were compositions on mythological themes. In Rome, he began working on the creation of the bas-relief “Hercules and Omphalus.” The artist gave a lot of time and energy to comprehend the most complex art of marble processing, which he mastered to perfection by the end of his stay in Italy.

Upon his return to his homeland in 1806, for the sketch of the statue of Elijah the Prophet, he received the title of academician. The main activity of the sculptor on his arrival in St. Petersburg was to create a decorative design of the then constructed Kazan Cathedral and the Mining Institute. For the Kazan Cathedral, he performed the statue of Andrew the First-Called, and for the Mining Institute – a sculptural group “Rape of Proserpine by Pluto” on the plot of ancient mythology.

One of the earliest works of the master in the field of tombstones was the monument to EI Baryshnikova (Museum of Architecture of the Academy of Construction and Architecture of the USSR). In 1814 he performed a monument to the tomb of A. N. Voronikhin (“Necropolis of the XVIII century.”, Leningrad Museum of Urban Sculpture). But the most fruitfully the sculptor worked in the art of monumental and decorative plastics. Here began his activities with S. S. Pimenov, their cooperation began in 1820-1821.

Outstanding Russian sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky died on July 16, 1846. His name is forever associated with the beauty and grandeur of the architectural ensembles of St. Petersburg.

Empire style sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky

Abduction of Proserpine by Pluto. Sculptural group in front of the faculty of the Mining Institute. 1811

Abduction of Proserpine by Pluto. Sculptural group in front of the faculty of the Mining Institute. 1811

Allegory of architecture. Relief over the iron staircase of the Academy of Fine Arts. 1819

Allegory of architecture. Relief over the iron staircase of the Academy of Fine Arts. 1819

Arch of the General Staff. 1819-1829

Arch of the General Staff. 1819-1829

Arch of the General Staff. Fragment of Victory Group. 1819-1829

Arch of the General Staff. Fragment of Victory Group. 1819-1829

Bust of A.V. Suvorov. 1814

Bust of A.V. Suvorov. 1814

Bust of M.V. Lomonosov. 1821

Bust of M.V. Lomonosov. 1821

Demut-Malinovsky

Russian sculptor Demut-Malinovsky

Headstone of E.I. Baryshnikova. Fragment. After 1806

Headstone of E.I. Baryshnikova. Fragment. After 1806

Headstone of M.I. Kozlovsky. 1803

Headstone of M.I. Kozlovsky. 1803

V.D. Novosiltsev. 1820s

V.D. Novosiltsev. headstone, 1820s

High relief 'Baptism of Rus' of the monument to Vladimir the Great. 1843

High relief ‘Baptism of Rus’ of the monument to Vladimir the Great. 1843

Portrait of M.I. Kozlovsky. Bas-relief of the tombstone. 1802

Portrait of M.I. Kozlovsky. Bas-relief of the tombstone. 1802

Realistic Portrait of V.I. Demut-Malinovsky painted by an unknown artist before 1846

Realistic Portrait of V.I. Demut-Malinovsky painted by an unknown artist before 1846

Samsons

Samsons

Sculptural group of the garden facade of the former Mikhailovsky Palace. 1825

Sculptural group of the garden facade of the former Mikhailovsky Palace. 1825

The Demosthenes statue in the niche of the main facade of the Public Library. 1831

The Demosthenes statue in the niche of the main facade of the Public Library. 1831

The Egyptian Gate in Pushkin. Fragment. 1929

The Egyptian Gate in Pushkin. Fragment. 1929

The lamp room in the Pavlovsk Palace Museum. 1808

The lamp room in the Pavlovsk Palace Museum. 1808

The Narva Triumphal Gates. 1927-1832

The Narva Triumphal Gates. 1927-1832

The Russian Scaevola. 1813. (famous for his bravery Roman youth Gaius Mucius Scaevola)

The Russian Scaevola. 1813. (famous for his bravery Roman youth Gaius Mucius Scaevola)

The statue of St. Andrew in the niche of the northern facade of the Kazan Cathedral. 1811

The statue of St. Andrew in the niche of the northern facade of the Kazan Cathedral. 1811

The tomb of architect A.N. Voronikhin. After 1814

The tomb of architect A.N. Voronikhin. After 1814

Triumph of Neptune. Sculptural group on the attic of the main facade of the Exchange. 1814

Triumph of Neptune. Sculptural group on the attic of the main facade of the Exchange. 1814

EI Baryshnikova. Fragment. The beginning of the XIX century. Cast iron, granite. Moscow, Necropolis of the Donskoi Monastery

EI Baryshnikova headstone. Fragment. The beginning of the XIX century. Cast iron, granite. Moscow, Necropolis of the Donskoi Monastery

A. N. Voronikhin. After 1814. Granite, marble. Necropolis of the XVIII century of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra

A. N. Voronikhin. After 1814. Granite, marble. Necropolis of the XVIII century of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra

MB Barclay de Tolly. 1823. Bronze, marble, granite. Estonia, Jõgevæster

MB Barclay de Tolly. 1823. Bronze, marble, granite. Estonia, Jõgevæster

R. Simpson. 1820's. Iron, Smolensk (Lutheran) cemetery, St. Petersburg

R. Simpson. 1820’s. Iron, Smolensk (Lutheran) cemetery, St. Petersburg

R. Simpson. 1820's. Iron, Smolensk (Lutheran) cemetery

R. Simpson. 1820’s. Iron, Smolensk (Lutheran) cemetery

VD Novosiltsev. Early XIX century. Bronze, marble. Golitsyn Tomb of the Donskoy Monastery

VD Novosiltsev. Early XIX century. Bronze, marble. Golitsyn Tomb of the Donskoy Monastery

The tomb of VD Novosiltsev. Early XIX century. Bronze, marble. Moscow, Golitsyn Tomb of the Donskoy Monastery

The tomb of VD Novosiltsev. Early XIX century. Bronze, marble. Moscow, Golitsyn Tomb of the Donskoy Monastery

The tomb of MI Kozlovsky. 1803. Marble, Necropolis of Alexander Nevsky Lavra

MI Kozlovsky tomb. 1803. Marble, Necropolis of Alexander Nevsky Lavra

The tomb of MI Kozlovsky. 1803. Marble, Necropolis of the XVIII Century of Alexander Nevsky Lavra

The tomb of MI Kozlovsky. 1803. Marble, Necropolis of the XVIII Century of Alexander Nevsky Lavra

The tomb of MI Kozlovsky. 1803. Marble, Necropolis of the XVIII Century of St. Petersburg's Alexander Nevsky Lavra

The tomb of MI Kozlovsky. 1803. Marble, Necropolis of the XVIII Century of St. Petersburg’s Alexander Nevsky Lavra

The tomb of MI Kozlovsky. 1803

The tomb of MI Kozlovsky. 1803

VI Demut-Malinovsky. The tomb of P. P. Chekalevsky. 1817. Granite, bronze, Necropolis of the XVIII century, the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. St. Petersburg

P. P. Chekalevsky. 1817. Granite, bronze, Necropolis of the XVIII century, the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. St. Petersburg

sources
1. L.B Aleksandrova. “Vasily Ivanovich Demut-Malinovsky.” Series: The mass library on art. Publisher: Leningrad. Artist RSFSR. 1980
2. Russian memirial sculpture. Moscow “Art”, 1978